17. Advantages outweigh Disadvantages – In today’s world, private companies rather than governments pay for and conduct most scientific research. Do you think the advantages outweigh disadvantages?

In today’s world, private companies rather than governments pay for and conduct most scientific research. Do you think the advantages outweigh disadvantages?



2.2 Type 1: Viết Cái Này Hơn Cái Kia

Introduction Exact paraphrase the Question [1] Paraphrasing
Answer the Question [2] Although this can have several benefits, drawbacks of it are far more significant
BODY 1 ADVANTAGES [3] Topic sentence 1:On the one hand, there can be some minor advantages to N/V-ing
[4] 1.1 Idea 1: Advantage 1First, S + V
[5] 1.1 Examples/ Explanations/ Results 
[6] 1.2 Idea 2: Advantage 2Another benefit could be that S + V
[7] 1.2 Examples/ Explanations/ Results
BODY 2 DISADVANTAGES [8] Topic sentence 2:On the other hand, N/V-ing can have several downsides that outweigh/overshadow/surpass these benefits
[9] 2.1 Idea 1: Disadvatge 1One of the main issues is that S + V
[10] 2.1 Examples/ Explanations/ Results
[11] 2.2 Idea 2: Disadvantage 2In addition, S + V
[12] 2.2 Examples/ Explanations/ Results
CONCLUSION Paraphrase the Answer [2] [13] In conclusion, despite benefits that can be derived from N/V-ing, it still does more harm than good.





(1) Delegate something to somebody: trao việc hay quyền cho ai đó

(2) Reliability (n): độ tin cậy

(3) Put more emphasis on something: đặt nặng cái gì đó hơn

(4) Leaking information việc lộ thông tin

(5) Employ (v) = use

(6) Breed (v) = Cause (v)

(7) Eclipse = outweigh

(8) Utilise (v): tận dụng

Opinions are divided into whether private sectors should take responsibilities for scientific research. Although allowing private companies to hold such responsibilities can have some drawbacks, benefits of it are far more significant.


On the one hand, there can be some minor disadvantages of delegating funding and controlling science projects to private businesses. One of them can relate to reliability of scientific outcomes. In fact, private companies are mainly driven by profit, which makes them put more emphasis on how to generate as much profit as possible regardless of how unreliable and inaccurate their results could be. Furthermore, if all scientific research is allocated to private companies, leaking information, especially important and confidential information, can be unavoidable. For example, by implementing research on military, companies can reveal national secrets of their country to others, which can breed many seriously detrimental impacts.


Nevertheless, these disadvantages are still eclipsed by benefits of giving private businesses the right to carry out scientific research. What appears the most prevalent is that private sectors can provide larger resources, both financial and human. Since private companies often only focus on one field, unlike governments investing in many different areas, they are willing to utilise and distribute all what they have to conduct and finish science projects. Another advantage is that if scientific research is given to private sectors, burdens placed on the government’s shoulder can be alleviated. As a result, the government can employ national resources for improving other aspects such as education or health care systems.


In conclusion, despite downsides that can be derived from allowing private organizations to fund and control scientific research, it still does more good than harm.

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